General

Smaller Can Be Better — Art Venues in Madrid 2022

Sometimes a one-hour visit to a museum fashions the perfect art experience, and one great destination where you may choose to appraise this theory is Madrid.  We recently visited three art spaces centrally located in the capital of Spain that offer you surprisingly high-quality alternatives to the Big Three museums… without crowds and highly-priced tickets.

Sorolla paitings in Sorolla Museum red room, Madrid
Clotilde in a Grey Dress, 1900 (above left) and Self-Portrait, 1904 (right) by Joaquín Sorolla

Museo Sorolla

The Sorolla Museum features paintings by the artist Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (1863 — 1923). Sorolla excelled in painting monumental works of art with social themes (such as the 14 murals on display in the Hispanic Society of America in Manhattan, USA) as well as landscapes and portraits.

Madrid’s Sorolla Museum was originally the home of the artist, his wife and their three children. It was converted into a museum following the death of his widow, Clotilde García del Castillo.

The large, well-lit room where dozens of canvases are now displayed formerly served as the artist’s studio.

Joaquín Sorolla was born in Valencia and he is famous for his adroit representation of sunlit water and the brilliant daylight typical of his native region, where he received his introductory art education at the age of nine. He traveled to the Museo del Prado in Madrid at age 18 to study master paintings, and at age 22 began four years of training at the Spanish Academy in Rome. Sorolla returned to Valencia in 1888 to marry Clotilde, and when their first child was born in 1890 the family moved to Madrid.

The Horse's Bath, 1909, Sorolla Museum Madrid
The Horse’s Bath, 1909 (above) and After the Bath, 1892 (below)
After the Bath, 1892, Sorolla Museum Madrid
Girls by the Sea, 1909
Inside the Sorolla Museum, stairs, Madrid

The upstairs rooms are now used for the presentation of well-curated special, temporary exhibitions.

The downstairs rooms continue to be furnished as they were when Sorolla lived and worked here.

Inside the house, enterance, Sorolla Museum, Madrid

Sorolla & Luminism

Should you need an additional reason to visit the Sorolla Museum, consider the lovely sense of light which envelops the house and emanates from many of the canvases. Even though numerous art historians would simply lump Joaquín Sorolla in with the Impressionists, we believe it is far more accurate to associate Sorolla’s particular style with European Luminism or Valencian Luminism: a neo- or late-Impressionist movement which devoted great attention to the effects of light.

The term “luminism” in art was first used in a 1954 article by the historian John I. H. Baur to describe a unique style of seascape and landscape painting that emerged in the United States from the 1850s to the 1870s — an offshoot of the Hudson River School. Therefore “American Luminism” preceded French Impressionism and the artists most central to the development of this luminist style include Martin Johnson Heade, Sanford Gifford and Fitz Henry Lane.

Unlike Impressionism, American Luminism is characterized by attention to detail and the concealment of brushstrokes. Whatever terminology one chooses, it is certainly accurate to describe Sorolla as one of the great Painters of Light.

Sorolla Museum, paintings red room, Madrid
Sorolla Museum, Paintings and furniture red room, Madrid

One reason we have chosen to highlight the Sorolla Museum for your pleasure is the fact that the original home decor remains intact. The well-preserved decorations and furniture were chosen by Sorolla himself. The building contains numerous masterpieces and certainly ranks among the best preserved artist’s homes in all of Europe.

Sorolla Museum, Madrid

The Sorolla Museum is normally open from Tuesday through Sunday; closed on Mondays. The price of admission is 3 euros. By Metro, take the #1 train in the direction of Pinar de Chamartín to “Iglesia” station. For additional images from the previous exhibition entitled “The Blissful Age. Childhood in Sorolla’s Painting” please scroll down to the bottom of this article — where you will also find information on the current special exhibition “Sorolla in Black,” which closes on November 27, 2022.

Fundación MAPFRE

A second outstanding venue for art can be found at the MAPFRE Foundation’s “Sala Recoletos” exhibition hall at Paseo de Recoletos, 23 in Madrid — an easy and pleasant 10-minute walk from The Prado and Thyssen-Bornemisza Museums.

The star of MAPFRE’s current exhibition is Julio González (1876 — 1942), a painter, ironsmith and sculptor who befriended Pablo Picasso at the Catalan cafe “Els Quatre Gats” in fin-de-siècle Barcelona. During this period (late modernisme), Picasso was age 17, González was five years older, and the cafe/bar was the setting for various artistic debates which had a significant impact on their respective careers and on those of other artists of their generation, such as Joan Miro, Isidre Nonell, Joaquim Mir and Pablo Gargallo. It should be mentioned that craft skills associated with construction and interior design (including a revival of using wrought iron in the decorative arts) flourished at this time with the emergence of modernista architecture.

Isidre Nonell, Juan Gris & Pablo Gargallo

Standing Gypsy Woman, 1906 by Isidre Nonell
Two Gypsy Women, 1906 by Isidre Nonell

Julio González

González’s grandfather was a goldsmith in Galicia. His father was a metalsmith who owned a workshop where Julio, as a young boy, learned the techniques of silver, gold and iron metalwork. Julio’s mother also came from a long line of artists.

Woman Arranging Her Hair, 1932 by González
Woman with a Bundle of Sticks, 1932 by González
Small Head of the Triangle, 1933 (above left) & Head Known as the “Fireman”, 1933 by González

Picasso & González’s Collaboration in Paris (1928 — 1932)

Woman in the Garden, 1930 by Pablo Picasso

In 1928, Pablo Picasso conceived of creating a transparent, iron sculpture, so he turned to his old friend, González, “in whose hands metals became as malleable as butter,” according to Picasso. With González’s technical mastery, Picasso was able to learn about the process of iron smoldering (that is, the potential wrought iron held for him as a sculptor), while creating Woman in the Garden (above), one of the most important sculptures of the 20th century. For González this was his opportunity to take what he valued most from Cubism and make it his own (see The Harlequin, below) by producing a series of dematerialized sculptures that would nurture and sustain his focus an an artist until his death in 1942. Through this mutually fruitful collaboration, abstraction was introduced into sculpture, thus earning Julio González posthumous recognition as one of the fathers of abstract iron sculpture.

The Harlequin, circa 1930 by Julio González

Pablo Picasso

Guitar, 1924 by Picasso

The Barbarity of the Spanish Civil War (1936 — 1939)

Head of Montserrat No. 2, 1940 by González
Mask of Montserrat Screaming, 1938-39 by González
Mother and Dead Child (II), Postscript to Guernica, 1937 by Picasso
Woman Screaming, 1941 by González
Weeping Head (VI), Postscript to Guernica, 1937 by Picasso

The exhibition entitled “González-Picasso and the Dematerialization of Sculpture” is on view from September 23, 2022 until January 8, 2023. This show is a triumph. Do not miss it.

A second show at the Fundación MAPFRE featuring the photographic work of Ilse Bing will also close in Madrid on January 8, 2023. Ilse Bing (1899 — 1998) was a German avant-garde photographer who produced pioneering monochrome images (below) during the period between World War I and World War II. This exhibition may be seen in Barcelona from February 15 — May 14, 2023 at MAPFRE’s Centro de Fotografía KBr.

Self-Portrait with Leica, 1931 by Ilsa Bing
Moulin Rouge, 1931 by Ilsa Bing
Untitled (Hydrangea, New York), 1953 by Ilse Bing
Salut de Schiaparelli, 1934 by Ilse Bing
Baroness Van Zuylen, 1943 by Ilse Bing
Three Schnauzers. Three Shadows, 1956 by Ilsa Bing
Self-Portrait in Mirrors, 1931 by Ilse Bing

FUTURE EXHIBIT — The Surrealist Art of LEONORA CARRINGTON will visit MAPFRE Madrid — February 9 to May 7, 2023

CaixaForum Madrid

CaixaForum Madrid

Another notable center of culture in Spain is the CaixaForum Madrid, located at Paseo del Prado, 36, equidistant from the Prado and Reina Sofia Museums.

CaixaForum Cine y Moda, Madrid

On the grounds of an old power station, the design firm of Herzog & de Meuron constructed this interesting sociocultural center between 2001 and 2007.

CaixaForum Madrid. Photo by
Óscar Carnicero
(licence).

Cinema & Fashion

Boasting architectural innovations unlike any museum you have ever seen, the CaixaForum (sponsored by Caixa Bank) opened in 2008 and has presented poetry, dance and music festivals in addition to multimedia art from ancient to contemporary times, including “Cinema & Fashion by Jean Paul Gaultier” from February 18 through June 5, 2022.

Dresses, Cine y Moda, Caixa Forum, Madrid
Three photos (above) by Tim Nee

This exhibition was dazzling, irreverent and a lot of fun. After its debut in Madrid, the show was on view at CaixaForum Barcelona from July 12 — October 23, 2022.

Photo by Tim Nee

Tattoos for You to Admire at the CaixaForum Madrid & Barcelona

A second exhibition on tattooing was on view at the CaixaForum in Madrid and Barcelona through August 28, 2022.

The ancient art of crafting tattoos modifies the human body by inserting ink, pigments and/or dyes into the dermis layer of the skin in order to form designs.

Tattoo show, Caixa Forum Madrid

“TATTOO — Art Under the Skin” closed at CaixaForum Barcelona on August 28, 2022

CaixaForum is open daily from 10:00 am to 8:00 pm (20:00) and one may visit all exhibitions for the price of 6 euros (with free admission for customers of La Caixa).

CaixaForum Tattoo Show, Madrid, demons head

Previous Exhibitions at MAPFRE & the Sorolla Museum in Madrid

“The French Taste,” an exhibition exploring the evolution and influence of French culture in Spain from the 17th through 19th centuries, was presented in Madrid through May 8, 2022 at the Fundación MAPFRE — here are some of the highlights from “The French Taste”.

Little Ophelia, MAPFRE, Madrid

“Little Ophelia” (1875) by William Bouguereau (above) and “The Daughters of the Duke of Montpensier” (1861) by Alfred Dehodencq (below) were among the 45 paintings, 8 sculptures, 16 drawings and 31 pieces of decorative arts on display in the French exhibition.

The Daughters of the Duke of Montpensier, MAPFRE, Madrid
Vase with White Wallflowers, 1872 by Henri Fantin-Latour (above) and Reading, 1789 by Louis-Leopold Boilly (below)
Reading, MAPFRE, Madrid
Julia Fernanda Dominé y Desmaisiére, MAPFRE, Madrid
Julia Fernanda Dominé y Desmaisiéres, 1872 by Ernest Hébert (above) and A Confraternity in Procession, Seville, 1851 by Alfred Dehodencq (below)
Saint Ambrose, 1615 by Claude Vignon (above) and The Death of Lucrecia, 1735 by Pierre Subleyras (below)
The Dutchess of Beaufort-Spontin with Her Children, MAPFRE, Madrid
Dutchess of Beaufort-Spontin & Her Children, 1789 by Anicet Lemonnier (above) & Isabel II, 1858 by Francois Lépaulle (below)

“The French Taste” closed in Madrid on May 8, 2022

“The Blissful Age. Childhood in Sorolla’s Painting” was held from February 1 — June 19, 2022 at the Sorolla Museum in Madrid

Sorolla Museum, La edad show, Madrid

As you ascend the stairs to the upper level of the Museo Sorolla, you will notice that Sorolla was adept at capturing the personalities of children on canvas — a pictorial sub-genre that had particularly flourished from the late 18th century onwards.

Special Exhibition

Images from “The Blissful Age” (below) afforded museum visitors a rare opportunity to learn about Sorolla’s son and two daughters, and to appreciate commissioned portraits of children from the upper classes and aristocracy.

Joaquín Sorolla García in White, Sorolla Museum, Madrid
Joaquín Sorolla García in White, 1896 (above) and María Clotilde, 1900 (below)
The First Born Child, Sorolla Museum Show, Madrid
The First Born Child, 1890 (above) and Portrait of a Girl with a Doll, 1902 (below)
Time for Bathing, 1904 (above) and Elenita at Her Desk, 1898 (below)
Study for Eating on the Boat, 1895 (above) and Girls on the Beach, 1908 (below)
Two Studies of a Naked Boy, Sorolla Museum, Madrid
Two Studies of a Naked Boy, 1904 (above) and Boys Looking for Shellfish, 1919 (below)
The Swing in Sorolla Museum, Madrid
The Swing, 1894 (above) and Quiquet Pons-Sorolla in Velázquez-style Dress, 1920 (below)
Portrait of Casimiro Granzow, 1905 (above)
Portrait of María Luz de Icaza, 1905 (above left) and Portrait of Ana María de Icaza, 1905 (right)
The Urcola Children, 1907 (above)
The Kiss, 1899 (above left) and a detail from Mi familia, 1901 (below)
Bathing, La granja in Sorolla Museum Madrid
Bathing, La Granja, 1907 (above) and The Arrival of the Catch, 1899 (below)
The Arrival of the Catch in Sorolla Museum, Madrid
Sorolla Museum Temp Exhibition paintings on a blue wall, Madrid
Basil Mundy, 1908 (above left)
My Family by J. Sorolla, Sorolla Museum Madrid
My Family, 1901 (above) by Joaquín Sorolla

Current Exhibition at Museo Sorolla

The exhibition “Sorolla en Negro” is on view at the Museo Sorolla through November 27, 2022. Black was not considered as a color in Sorolla’s day, even though it does possess a luminosity of its own. In the late 19th century black functioned as an intense plane that heightened colors. This temporary show features the art of Sorolla (1863-1923) and how he used black to convey seriousness in subject matter and emphasize contrasts of light.

We hope you found this article informative, and you will choose to visit the Museo Sorolla on a sunny day in the future to enjoy the lovely Andalusian-style garden (pictured below) designed by Joaquín Sorolla.

Photo of Sorolla’s Garden by Son of Groucho
Photo provided by Son of Groucho

One Comment

  • HUMBERTO O CHÁVEZ

    Steve and Arthur,

    I just wanted to tell you both I enjoyed your articles on museums in Europe. They are quite informative, and the photos are beautiful. It is like being in the museum.

    Thank you for your time and effort to put these articles together. I look forward for more.

    Humberto O. Chavez,
    New York, USA
    3/12/2022

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